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‘He Whakaputanga ā Kara’ when translated meaning,

‘A Declaration Flag’.

This Waitangi Day kahu is a tribute to honour our beloved Rangatira who fought for our independence. It has been made in remembrance and in honour of the noble Rangatira that signed ‘He Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nu Tireni – The Declaration of Independence of the United Tribes of New Zealand’. A hugely important artefact, as it was how Rangatira (Māori Chiefs) told the world, back in 1835, that New Zealand was an independent Māori nation.

It was on the 20th March in 1834, by 25 Far North chiefs and their followers that gathered at Busby’s residence at Waitangi to choose a flag to represent New Zealand. A number of missionaries, settlers and the commanders of 10 British and 3 American ships were also in attendance. Māori beneath United Tribes flag.

Following Busby's address, each Chief came forward in turn to choose a flag, while Eruera Pare Hongi, the 10yr old son of one Chief recorded the votes.

The most popular design, a flag already used by the Church Missionary Society, apparently received 12 votes, with the other two options preferred by 10 and 3 Chiefs. Busby declared which was to be the chosen flag, the national flag of New Zealand and had it hoisted on a flagpole to the accompaniment of a 21-gun salute from HMS Alligator.

It came to be known as the Flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand, the title adopted by the group of northern chiefs at subsequent meetings.

Busby's hope that the flag would encourage Māori to act collectively was partially fulfilled when many of the chiefs involved met again to sign a Declaration of Independence in 1835.

To northern Māori, the United Tribes flag meant that that Britain recognised New Zealand as an independent nation, and thereby acknowledged the mana of their chiefs.

There are two versions of the Declaration: the English text created by Busby, and the te reo Māori document that was signed. He Whakaputanga (which can be translated as 'an emergence' or 'declaration') consisted of four articles. It asserted that sovereign power and authority in the land (‘Ko te Kingitanga ko te mana i te w[h]enua’) resided with Te Whakaminenga, the Confederation of United Tribes, and that no foreigners could make laws. Te Whakaminenga was to meet at Waitangi each autumn to frame laws, and in return for their protection of British subjects in their territory, they sought King William's protection against threats to their mana. They also thanked the King for acknowledging their flag.

Thirty-four northern chiefs signed He Whakaputanga on 28 October 1835. Busby sent it to the King, and it was formally acknowledged by the Crown in May 1836. By 22 July 1839 another 18 chiefs had signed, including Te Hāpuku of Hawke’s Bay, and Te Wherowhero, the Waikato Tainui ariki who was to become the first Māori king in 1858.

~ Ki te kore He Whakaputanga, tērā pea kāore i puta mai te Tiriti o Waitangi.

~ Without He Whakaputanga, there may never have been a Treaty of Waitangi.ē-whakaputanga-o-te-rangatiratanga-o-niu-tīreni has been designed too be a Wall Cloak.

{Noting: there is a likelihood that the coloured red and blue feathers could rub off onto the white feathers (by way of friction mostly, as well as the suns heat and moisture in the air…etc), if it is too be worn as a cloak. Resulting in a slight tint transfer of colour from the blue and red feathers}.

‘He Whakaputanga ā Kara’ Toi Toi

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